Why Are Texas Republicans Proposing a New Congressional Map

Republicans in the Texas legislature proposed a new Congressional card Monday that would maintain the party’s lead in the state delegation in Washington amid the rapidly growing population of the colorful community.

The new card is designed to protect the Republican Party’s current power and leadership; The party now has 23 of the 36 seats in the state Congress. Instead of trying to make a sizeable profit, the party appears to be consolidating rulers who are facing increasingly fierce competition against Texas’ burgeoning Democratic Party.

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In fact, the state has only one district in Congress on the proposed map where the lead for the 2020 presidential election would be less than five percent, a sign that most of the state’s 38 districts will not be very competitive.

Texas is the only state in the country to be awarded two new counties in Congress in this year’s post-census re-evaluation, several points behind the Anglo population.

But the map, proposed by the Republican-controlled State Senate Redistribution Committee, led by State Senator Joan Huffman, would reduce the number of Spanish-dominated counties in the state from eight to seven and increase the number of majority white counties to seven. 22 23.

Although the map proposed on Monday is only the first draft and could have some changes, civil rights groups have expressed concern about the lack of new areas with a majority of voters of color.

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“With the Latino population accounting for nearly half of Texas’ total population growth over the past decade, we expect the redistribution of laws to protect and potentially expand the existing Latin American majority territory,” said Thomas Sainz. President and adviser of the Mexican-American Fund for Legal Protection and Education.

Texas has a long history behind the redistribution parameters of the Voting Rights Act, and has faced legal challenges for every card since the law was passed in 1965. But in 2013 the Supreme Court overturned a landmark provision. Due to laws that force some states to get approval from the Department of Justice before making changes to election laws or areas of congressional law.

For the first time this year, Texas lawmakers are free to redraw the map in Congress without meeting this requirement.

Across the country, every party is poised to use it to gain more lucrative seats in Congress and in state parliaments in states where their lawmakers control card-making.

On Friday, the National Restructuring Fund, a Democratic organization led by former Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr., sued Ohio over the Republican state law, arguing that it violated the state’s 2015 constitutional amendments.

In Nebraska, Democrats this month rejected a proposed Republican map that would divide Douglas County, which includes Omaha’s largest city, into two congressional districts. Democrats eventually forced a deal in favor of the area in which President Biden won a majority. On Friday, Nebraska lawmakers voted to pass a Congressional map that would keep Douglas County as a county.

Fast-growing Oregon is one of the few states where Democrats have the ability to withhold redistributive gains. The state added six congressional districts to its delegation, which now consists of four Democrats and one Republican. But the new card, due to be passed Monday, is likely to create a Democratic environment that will increase the Democratic lead in the state.