Scientists receive Nobel Prize for temperature and touch research
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded Monday to David Julius and Ardem Pataputian “for their discoveries of temperature and touch receptors”.
His work explains how chronic and acute pain associated with illness, injury, and their treatment can be reduced.
“Our ability to feel warmth, cold and touch is essential and strengthens our interactions with the world around us,” the Nobel Committee said in a statement. “We take these sensations lightly in our daily lives, but how are nerve impulses triggered to sense temperature and pressure?”
The pair made a groundbreaking discovery that sparked intense research, which in turn led to rapid improvements in our understanding of how our nervous systems perceive hot, cold, and mechanical stimuli. The winners identified an important missing link in our understanding of the complex interactions between our senses and the environment.
More specifically, Mr. Julius uses capsaicin, the spicy composition of hot peppers, to identify sensors in the skin’s nerve endings that cause heat-responsive irritation.
Mr. Pataputian used pressure-sensitive cells to discover a new class of sensors that respond to mechanical stimuli in the skin and internal organs.
dr. David Julius is Professor of Physiology at the University of California, San Francisco. In the 1990s, his study of the chemical capsaicin revolutionized the way scientists understand the burning sensation of chili peppers. Together with colleagues, they created a library of millions of DNA fragments that are expressed in sensory neurons in response to pain, heat, and touch.
Ardem Pataputian is a molecular biologist and neuroscientist at the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California who, according to the center’s website, “identifies and characterizes ion channels and other sensors that convert mechanical stimuli into chemical signals.”
He has a PhD. In 1996 he completed a postgraduate scholarship at the University of Southern California before joining the research team at the California Institute of Technology and Scripps in 2000. in 2020.
In 2020, drg. Julius and dr. Patpoutian won the Kavli Neurology Prize from the Norwegian Ministry of Education for discovering a protein that helps the body feel stress.
Who Won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2020?
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice received the award for discovering the hepatitis C virus. The Nobel Committee said the three scientists “made blood tests and new drugs possible that have saved millions of lives”.
Who Won the Nobel Prize in Science in 2020?
When will the other Nobel Prizes be announced?
There are two other scientific awards. Physics will be announced in Stockholm on Tuesday and chemistry on Wednesday.
The literary prize will be awarded in Stockholm on Thursday. Read more about last year’s winner Lewis Gluck.
The Nobel Peace Prize will be awarded in Oslo on Friday. Read more about the World Food Program that won last year.
The Nobel Prize in Economics will be awarded in Stockholm on October 11. Last year the award went to Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson.